Typically an archivist, or a bureaucrat responsible for keeping of records. The ecclesiastical counterpart was the chartophylax (q.v.). For example, the chartoularios tou kanikleiou (Chartulary of the Inkpot) kept the pen and purple ink used by the emperor to sign decrees, a position the eunuch Theoktistos held under Michael II (qq.v.). The term could also refer to the chief administrator of a government bureau (sekreton [q.v.]). From the 10th century onward some chartoularioi held military commands.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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